Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs in the ovary or next to the ovary, that may form during ovulation. They rarely cause symptoms and are most likely to resolve on their own without the need for medical attention. However, if an ovarian cyst grows larger, it can rupture and cause pain.
What are the symptoms?
An ovarian cyst may cause abdominal bloating, painful intercourse, difficulty urinating and pelvic pain. If an ovarian cyst grows and ruptures, you may experience sudden sharp pain in the abdomen.
How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?
Doctor Lerm will take a detailed history of possible causes for example endometriosis or fertility treatment. She will then examine you and perform a transvaginal ultrasound.
Dr Lerm will be able to advise you in treatment and surgical removal of the cyst if the cyst is suspected to be abnormal and cancerous, as she has extensive experience in gynaecological oncology.
What about treatment?
For ovarian cysts which do not resolve on their own, grow larger and cause pain, treatment may include laparoscopic removal of the cyst, otherwise known as a cystectomy. After the cyst has been removed, you can prevent ovarian cysts from growing with the use of an oral contraceptive. If it is found that there are multiple cysts, you may be diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) which will require advanced treatment to manage.